Accessibility & Inclusive Resources
1. Sheltering Accessibility – Foundational Documents
One of the most important role of State and local government is to protect people from harm, including helping people obtain food and shelter in major emergencies. When disasters occur, people are often provided safe refuge in temporary shelters located in schools, office buildings, tents, or other facilities. Advance planning for an emergency shelter typically involves ensuring that the shelter will be well stocked with basic necessities, such as food, water, and blankets. Planning should also involve ensuring that these shelters are accessible to people with disabilities. Making emergency sheltering programs accessible is generally required by the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA).
Guidance on Planning for Integration of Functional Needs Support Services in General Population Shelters 2010 (Link Here)
Planning guidance that can be incorporated into existing shelter plans to State emergency managers and shelter planners to meet access and functional needs in general population shelters. This document provides guidance to assist emergency managers and shelter planners in understanding the requirements related to sheltering children and adults with functional support needs in general population shelters. Functional Needs Support Services (FNSS) and the guidance provided are designed to assist in the planning and resourcing of sheltering operations whether government, NGO, faith- or private-based to meet the access and functional needs of children and adults. These guidelines identify methods of achieving a lawful and equitable program through the delivery of FNSS for children and adults.
The Department of Justice’s revised regulations for Titles II and III of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA) were published in the Federal Register on September 15, 2010. These regulations adopted revised, enforceable accessibility standards called the 2010 ADA Standards for Accessible Design, “2010 Standards.” On March 15, 2012, compliance with the 2010 Standards was required for new construction and alterations under Titles II and III. March 15, 2012, is also the compliance date for using the 2010 Standards for program accessibility and barrier removal. Of note, these standards apply to Mass Care Sheltering.
2. Accessibility in Emergency Management & Mass Care – Examples of Legal Precedence
3. Industry Best Practices – Access and Functional Needs
Different. Just Like you – A Psychosocial Approach Promoting the Inclusion of Persons with Disabilities (Link here)
Different. Just Like you: A psychosocial approach promoting the inclusion of persons with disabilities is aimed at professionals and volunteers who work with persons with disabilities. The concept of empowerment is central to the whole approach presented in this handbook which has two key aims: 1. To create aeareness of the omportance of psychosocial support and inclusion in promoting the well-nein of persons with disabilities; 2. To provide guidance about psychosocial support and inclusion, along with tpractical resources for inclusive psychosocial activities for all kinds of settings. http://pscentre.org/new-training-materials/
Different. Just Like you: A psychosocial approach promoting the inclusion of persons with disabilities is aimed at professionals and volunteers who work with persons with disabilities. The concept of empowerment is central to the whole approach, this training manual and its PowerPoint presentation accompanies the book making it easier to put the concepts in the book into practice.
Planning for and with People With Disabilities and Access & Functional Needs (PWD/AFN) is an important component in the development and execution of emergency management plans, policies and procedures. Local jurisdictions are feeling an increased amount of pressure to incorporate the needs of PWD/AFN into their planning processes. State and local jurisdictions around the country are being faced with the challenge of effectively incorporating the needs of PWD/AFN in community engagement efforts, emergency messaging/mass notifications, evacuations and transportation, all aspects of mass care (especially sheltering), recovery, training, exercises and in the development of agreements, contracts and MOUs. This document will assist local officials with tools that will enable them to provide reasonable accommodations for their citizens during all phases of the emergency management cycle. Working to address these issues at each level of government will help to improve overall efficiency, maximize resources, ensure equal access for all citizens and ultimately enhance nationwide emergency preparedness. In addition, this document will support whole community planning initiatives by providing tips and strategies to ensure the considerations of PWD/AFN are incorporated into the framework of emergency management programs around the country.
Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) Presentations by Pacific ADA Center (Link Here) – ADA Presentations – In Emergency Management and Preparedness
ADA National Network/FEMA Webinar Series: Emergency Management and Preparedness-Inclusion of Persons with Disabilities. Pacific ADA Center is pleased to offer webinars on a variety of subjects under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA). We offer webinars on ADA topics individually or in a series. We also create customized webinars and trainings for your group upon request. ADA Presentations – In Emergency Management and Preparedness. http://adapresentations.org/
Pacific ADA Center, FAQ – Service Animals and the ADA (Link Here)
This toolkit was compiled by the American Red Cross Greater Chicago Region from partner resources and is accurate to the best of our knowledge. It is not a replacement for training regarding the inclusion of people who have functional and access needs in emergency and disaster planning, preparedness, response and recovery.
The term functional and access needs has been defined by the U.S. Department of Justice as “those actions, services, accommodations, and programmatic, architectural, and communication modifications that a covered entity must undertake or provide to afford individuals with disabilities a full and equal opportunity to use and enjoy programs, services, activities, goods, facilities, privileges, advantages, and accommodations in the most integrated setting.” Functional needs may include physical, sensory, mental health, cognitive, or intellectual disabilities affecting individuals’ abilities to function independently.
Portlight Strategies Inc, Disaster Tools, Information and Resources supporting People with Disabilities (Link Here)
Portlight Strategies, Inc., is a 501(c)(3) tax exempt nonprofit organization dedicated to meeting the specific needs of unserved, underserved and forgotten people. In keeping with our mission, which includes providing for the needs of people with disabilities, especially in times of catastrophe, and through the generosity of our sponsors, The Christopher and Dana Reeve Foundation and Wunderground.com, we are proud to announce the TRUE Shelter Accessibility program! TRUE stands for Training, Response, Understanding and Empowerment. The intent of this effort is to help emergency management departments provide better accessibility and services in temporary disaster shelters.
The purpose of this 2015 toolkit is to provide planning guidance, which can be incorporated into existing shelter plans. The toolkit provides guidance to assist local emergency management and shelter planners in understanding the requirements related to providing disaster related services to children and adults with and without disabilities who have access and functional needs in the state of Texas. The guidance in this document is designed to assist in planning and resource allocation for disaster response. This toolkit is designed to provide first responders and emergency management professionals basic information about interacting with Texans with disabilities during a disaster and to identify disability leaders in the local communities.
Preparing for Disaster for People with Disabilities and other Special Needs 2004 – Link Here (Needs Revision)
For the millions of Americans who have physical, medical, sensory or cognitive disabilities, emergencies such as fires, floods and acts of terrorism present a real challenge. The same challenge also applies to the elderly and other special needs populations. Protecting yourself and your family when disaster strikes requires planning ahead. This booklet will help you get started. Discuss these ideas with your family, friends and/or your personal care attendant, or anyone else in your support network and prepare an emergency plan. Post the plan where everyone will see it, keep a copy with you and make sure everyone involved in your plan has a copy.
Your ability to recover from an emergency tomorrow may depend on the planning and preparation you do today. This guide provides tips which individuals with disabilities and others with access and functional needs, and the people who assist and support them, can take to prepare for emergencies before they happen.